China continues to Halt the UNSC Reforms with G-4 calling for Text-Based Negotiations

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China’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin on Thursday stated that the UNSC reform cannot be done in haste and there exist “enormous divisions” and lack of consensus on the topic one day after the G-4 group – India, Brazil, Germany, Japan – called for text-based negotiations during the ongoing 75th Anniversary Celebration of United Nations (UN) formation. 

Beijing instead proposed a “package solution” to accommodate demands for reforms. Chinese analysts have long been against G-4 group indicating China will not agree to India and Japan membership on grounds of historically difficult relations and Germany because it is not a developing nation. Currently, an Inter-Governmental Negotiations (IGN) process of the UN has been working on various aspects of UNSC reforms including representation and veto powers. 

India’s Minister of State for External Affairs V. Muraleedharan said last week in Rajya Sabha that India, which will take over as UNSC Non-Permanent member in January next year for a 2-year term has accorded “highest priority” to attaining a permanent seat in expanded UNSC. India along with other G-4 group members have stated that without any text-based intergovernmental negotiations, there will be no further progress in the reform talks as the informal IGN process has already been going on for last 10 years. Indian External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar on Wednesday stated that the G-4 meeting has “called for a decisive push” towards reforms. 

The candidacy of G-4 group has been challenged by ‘Uniting for Consensus’ group also called ‘Coffee Club’ led by Pakistan, Italy, and Turkey. Indian Prime Minister on Tuesday stated that the UN today faces a “crisis of confidence” and called for reform of its “outdated structures”. There has been increased call to make the permanent seats of UNSC more representative as it doesn’t have membership from 3 continents, Australia, South America, and Africa.

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