The renewed demand for Greater Nagaland or Nagalim, by the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) of Isak Muivah (IM) led by Mr Thuingaleng Muivah, comes in the backdrop of insurgent groups feeling increasingly isolated with the Indian government’s peace process. The centre’s interlocutor and Governor of Nagaland Mr R.N. Ravi, has enlarged the peace process by roping in seven other Naga insurgent groups and some social organisations under the umbrella of NNPG (Naga National Political Group) on November 17, 2017. This group has called out NSCN (IM)’s delaying tactics in the pretext of separate flag and constitution and have requested the Indian Government to move ahead with the peace process.
NSCN (IM) has recently demanded the removal of Mr Ravi as he has called out the culture of extortion and parallel ‘tax collection’ regimes by armed groups in the state in a letter to Nagaland CM Neiphu Rio. NSCN (IM) is particularly miffed at being called an ‘armed group’ and treatment of Naga issue as a ‘law and order’ problem and not a political one by Mr Ravi.
A big breakthrough was reached with the signing of August 5, 2015 “Framework Agreement” in front of the Prime Minister. However, differences have emerged over the interpretation of the word ‘shared sovereignty’. While the NSCN (IM) called it recognition of Naga homeland by Indian Government, Mr Ravi stated that the agreement was an “acceptance of the Indian Constitution” by the outfit. In his ‘Independence Day Speech’ on August 14, Mr Muivah insisted that Nagas “will never merge with India”.
It is in Indian interest to resolve the oldest insurgency in the wake of Chinese aggression in Ladakh with some high profile NSCN (IM) Commanders reportedly having fled to China’s Yunan province last year