French Defence Minister Florence Parly reiterated France’s support for India for a Permanent Seat in United Nations Security Council (UNSC) while attending the induction ceremony of Rafale aircraft in Ambala. This has been a consistent stand by France along with the UK, who have called for the expansion of both permanent and non-permanent members of UNSC to represent today’s geopolitical realities.
This statement comes as a shot in the arm of those advocating UNSC reforms as France along with UK, USA, China and Russia form the permanent members of UNSC (P-5) having veto powers. India has built a strategic partnership with all P-5 nations except China, highlighting it’s growing clout in the world arena. India recently got elected for UN Non-Permanent membership garnering 184 out 192 votes from states, including China and Pakistan, highlighting the goodwill it enjoys with both developed and developing countries. This is the seventh time India got nominated to a non-permanent seat in UNSC.
Any reform in UNSC requires an amendment to the UN charter, requiring a two-thirds majority among member states with all P-5 members voting in favour of the amendment. There has been a continuous call for UNSC reforms as it represents post World War II realities. Also, it faces a challenge of representation with no countries from Africa and Latin America and over-representation of Europe with France and the UK. Germany, India, Japan and Brazil have form ‘G-4’ group to combine their effort to bring change. However, another group called ‘Uniting for Consensus’ or ‘Coffee-Club’ led by Italy and Pakistan has opposed the moves of G-4.
In 2015 also, during the 70th anniversary of the United Nations’ (UN) formation, France and UK have supported G-4 along with African representation for a permanent seat in the UNSC. India’s nomination will add a neutral voice into UNSC as currently P-5 is divided into P-3 (USA, UK, France) vs P-2 (Russia, China) pushing the world into a ‘New Cold-War’ era.