Geomagnetic storm from Sun causes a radio blackout on Earth

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Jasnoor Kaur

The brightest star in our Solar System is becoming more ferocious as it develops velocity and activity. On late Thursday night, the Sun had released its second solar flare in two days. NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory, which continually monitors the Sun, obtained a photograph of the incident.

This explosion, classified as an X-Class flare (the most extreme burst of energy and plasma), can disrupt radio communications, electric power grids, navigation signals, and pose threats to spacecraft and astronauts. The second solar flare came just hours after a previous Coronal Mass Ejection created a geomagnetic storm that caused a radio blackout in certain areas.

The “Strong Radio Blackout” occurred on March 30. The magnetically complicated sunspot group, Region 2975, was the cause of the flare. According to a statement from the Space Weather Prediction Center. According to the agency, the early indications are that this flare was coupled with a fresh coronal mass ejection (CME), and SWPC forecasters are presently evaluating data to confirm any CME, and if confirmed, further evaluate to see whether there may be any Earth-directed component.

According to the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research’s (IISER) Center of Excellence in Space Sciences, there is a probability of coronal mass ejection caused by moderate geomagnetic storms as these flares impact Earth’s magnetic field.

Geomagnetic storms are significant disturbances of the Earth’s magnetosphere that occur when there is an extremely efficient flow of energy from the solar wind into the space environment around Earth. The most powerful storms caused by these circumstances are connected with solar coronal mass ejections (CMEs), in which a billion tonnes or so of plasma from the sun, together with its underlying magnetic field, reaches Earth.

These storms can add energy in the form of heat to the upper atmosphere, increasing the density and distribution of density and producing extra drag on satellites in low-Earth orbit. The storm has the potential to cause auroras.

The Sun is presently in Solar Cycle 25, which began in December of this year. A new solar cycle occurs every 11 years, and throughout each cycle, the Sun moves from relatively peaceful to busy and turbulent, and then back to tranquil.

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