EU Gatekeeping over the digital world.
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Ishika Kumar, Pune

After decades of unrestricted growth, the Digital Markets Act (DMA), one of the most extensive regulatory measures aimed at regulating “Big Tech,” is anticipated to change the global technology industry. In instruction for the implementation of the Digital Markets Act (DMA), criticism from competitors and users with warning feedback from watchdogs advise that numerous of the six tech giants can be in the crosshairs of regulatory action in the upcoming months for non-compliance.

Technological giants like Google, Apple, Amazon, Microsoft, Meta and  ByteDance, which is the parent company of TikTok, have been engaged in different processes over the past six months. The DMA, which comes into impact soon, represents a foundational milestone in the regulation of “huge Tech” and is predicted to restructure the digital industry. Failing to comply with the DMA’s guidelines by Thursday’s deadline may result in a large penalty of up to 10% of the business’s turnover. Apple may face significant problems under the regulations of DMA, which is running with the target of expansion in its closed environment to EU customers outside of the App Store. The addition of new expenses, as well as a “Center generation charge,” has raised concerns among EU competition officials.  

Margrethe Vestager, the EU’s antitrust chief,  has expressed concern about the impact of fees on market competition. Regardless, compliance issues persist, as shown by competitors like Proton. Restructuring its search results to support aggregators like Expedia and became a challenge for Google, which is one more problem for the DMA. This might restrict users, which would increase worries about lost top lines for industries like hotels and airlines. While enquiring about this particular progress, Google has maintained silence over this concern. Meta has mentioned that the platform users’ data (Instagram and Facebook) has been requested to be shared among the services and may also face the brunt of the investigation.

The other three giants Amazon, Microsoft and Bytedance ( the parent company of TikTok) have the threat of facing scrutiny much later as the EU regulators focus their resources on some cases and ensure that those can withstand the legal challenges. While Bytedance did not immediately respond, Amazon and Microsoft have declined to comment at all. Unlike those traditional antitrust investigations, DMA enforcers need to adhere to stricter deadlines to present their findings, which evidently increases the pressure on these technical giants to comply. With the deadline just around the corner, the tech sector is gearing up for a new era of regulatory fire and accountability.